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Pronouns are in the place of Nouns and are used to avoid repetitions:

Grant plays the guitar. He practices it everyday. (he replaces Grant and it replaces guitar)

Personal Pronouns – Refer to things or people, and are interlinked with possessive adjectives.
I do my hair. You do your hair. She does her hair. He does his hair. They do their hair.

Possessive Pronouns – Indicate ownership
This is yours, not mine.
The boat was yours now it is mine.

Interrogative Pronouns – To interrogate or ask questions
Who (which person) broke this cup?
Whose (which person’s) is this dog?
To whom (to which person) does this dog belong to?
What (action) are you doing?
Which (one) restaurant do you recommend?

Demonstrative Pronouns – Point out a specific thing or person, by using this, that, these or those
This is how you ride a horse.
That is not the right way.

Indefinite Pronouns – Refer in a general way to a thing or person, not specifically
One must never doubt oneself
must come to the party

Relative Pronouns – Performs the function of conjunctions by joining or connecting one part of a sentence to another

  1. There are six relative pronouns used commonly
        that, which, what – refer to inanimate things or animals
        who, whom, whose – refer to person, people
  2. Relative pronouns normally replace nouns or pronouns
    This is my brother. He is a millionaire.
    This is my brother who is a millionaire. (the he has fallen away)

    I am proud of my daughter. I am having lunch with her.
    I am proud of my daughter whom I’m having lunch with. (whom is used by replacing the object her)

    I like my friend. I like her attitude.
    What I like about my friend is her attitude. (what let’s us join two sentences and avoiding repeating the word like).

  3. Relative pronouns are placed near to the nouns to which they refer, otherwise the sense of what is being meant is lost.
    I have a radio in my car which is silver. (what is silver, the radio or the car?
    I have a silver radio in my car.
  4. When using the relative pronoun which, a preposition often has to precede it, to avoid ending a sentence on a preposition.
    This is the car I drove in.
    This is the car in which I drove.This is the book I spoke of.
    This is the book of which I spoke.

Common Errors

  1. Pronouns I and me, and when to use them.  An easy way to remember when to use the   correct term, leave out the “other person” and read it as if you are alone in the sentence.

Jill and I/me are going ice skating.
I am going ice skating. √
Me is going ice skating. X
     So…. Jill and I are going ice skating.

Mother gave the movie tickets to Jill and I/me
Mother gave the movie tickets to I.  X
Mother gave the movie tickets to me. √
     So…..Mother gave the movie tickets to me.

2.      When to use the Possessive adjective its and the abbreviation
it’s (these two are often confused as they look and sound similar)

its  – the dog is eating its bone (possessive adjective)
it’s – tomorrow it’s going to snow (abbreviation for it is)


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