Conjunctions

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Conjunctions are connecting words joining two or more sentences, making them one sentence. They can be used to join phrases, clauses or words.

  • Words:  Silver and Gold
  • Phrase: Over the river and through the woods
  • Clauses: Janine bought a dog and entered him in dog shows

 

COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS
and, but, or, nor, for, yet, so, if although, because, since, unless, however, though, while

 

1.  Coordinating Conjunctions join two words of equal weight:

steak and chips
tired but content
She finished the course and received her degree
His bakkie was repaired but still leaked oil
Let’s go to the movies or the restaurant

 

 

2.  Subordinating Conjuctions join a main clause to a subordinate clause:

They played the rugby game although it was raining
You may not have any dessert unless you finish your dinner

 

3.  Relative pronouns also perform the function of Conjuntions:
who, whom and whose are used for persons/people

The girl could not play hockey. She left her bag on the bus.
The girl who left her bag on the bus could not play hockey.

that, which and what refers to objects or animals

Uncle Percy was a famous racehorse. He won many races.
The famous racehorse that won many races was Uncle Percy.

 

4.  Connecting or Linking Words can often add flow and meaning to the sentences that follow them:

time – later, meanwhile, finally, next, as soon as, now, before, after
effect/cause – because, as a result, furthermore, consequently, therefore
contrast/comparison – on the other hand, however, in the same way, similarly, alternatively

5.  Conjuctions are normally found in the middle of sentences, however, some conjuctions can be used to begin a sentence:

Unless you study you will never pass your test.
Since you mentioned it, I have been dying to read that book.

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