Adjectives & Adverbs

English Wikis > Parts of Speech > Adjectives & Adverbs
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Adjectives are descriptive words, they are used to add colour or interest to nouns and pronouns.
Adverbs tell us more about the Verb, they can also tell us more about the adjective.

Adjectives

There are several different adjectives:

  1. Descriptive or quality adjectives
    The intelligent/obedient/talented/funny girl
  2. Adjectives of order
    – 
    The horse came first/second/last in the race
  3. Adjectives of quantity/number
    – 
    three/some/few/many dogs
    every/all/neither boy
  4. Proper adjectives
    – 
    The Durban/Western Cape coastlines are beautiful
    – The July rains are quite heavy
  5. Demonstrative adjectives
    – 
    that/this house
    – these/those houses
  6. Interrogative adjectives
    – 
    whose/what/which car?
  7. Possessive adjectives
    – 
    her/his/my/our/their/its/your laptop
  8. Compound adjectives (adjectives joined by a hyphen)
    a well-deserved win
    – the half-ripe apple

 

Adverbs

The different types of adverbs are:

  1. Manner (how?)
    – angrily, hungrily, quickly, fast, well (normally ends with -ly)
  2. Place (where?)
    – there, here, far, near, home, down, up, home
  3. Time (when?)
    – now, yesterday, today, tomorrow, later, soon, immediately
  4. Degree (to what extent?)
    – rather, almost, nearly, hardly, extremely, just, too, very, quite, fairly, really
  5. Certainty (probability of something happening)
    – surely, perhaps, definitely, likely, undoubtedly, probably, absolutely
  6. Frequency (how often?)
    – always, never, frequently, twice, once, regularly, often, sometimes, seldom

Adverbs also  change the nature of the sentence, expressing the speaker’s opinion, and are normally placed in the beginning of a sentence.

Perhaps she will win the lotto

Adverbs have degrees of comparison.

Adverb Comparative Superlative
Regular fast faster fastest
Two or more syllables carefully more carefully most carefully
Irregular badly
little
much
well
worse
less
more
better
the worst
the least
the most
the best